Community Woodlands

Warley Woods Smethwick

Warley Woods Community Trust manages and maintains a remarkably diverse 40 hectare park entirely surrounded by miles of dense urban environment in the centre of Smethwick, West Midlands.

Warley Woods, Smethwick, West Midlands

Gold Award: RFS Excellence in Forestry 2017

The Site

In the 1800s, it had been designed as a private pleasure garden for local industrialist Samuel Galton Junior by Humphry Repton.

Around one-third of the park is woodland, mainly native species. It includes a small area of ancient woodland, although the majority was planted in the 1800s.

The park was saved from becoming a housing development in the 1900s by public subscription and saved again from neglect when Warley Woods Community Trust took over management from the local authority in 2004. In doing so, they became the first urban park in the UK to be managed by a Community Trust

.In addition to the woods and parkland, Warley Woods Community Trust also took control of the nine-hole golf course and created a visitor centre, shop and franchised café employing eight staff.


When Warley Woods Community Trust took over, there had been no woodland management for 30 years and no new tree planting.

In 2008, they commissioned a Woodland Management Plan (WMP), and its recommendations have guided the Trust ever since.

Biannual tree safety surveys are now carried out, and the Trust has not shied away from felling trees or controlling grey squirrel numbers to meet WMP aims and objectives.

They have restored driveways and improved paths, making it possible for people with buggies, in wheelchairs or on bicycles to use the wood. A children’s play area has been created and is well used.

Biodiversity is a key component of the WMP, with a proportion of dead trees left in situ to encourage animal and insect populations.

Volunteers are involved in all aspects of the management and maintenance of the woods. This includes:

  • woodland maintenance
  • organising events
  • planting trees
  • fundraising
  • updating notice boards
  • delivering leaflets


When the Trust took over, the challenges were daunting; it took on expensive commitments and open-ended liabilities, and no member of the Trust had ever managed a similar site!

The Trust, therefore, looked for outside advice to help understand their responsibilities and guide their management.

In 2008, they received the highest score ever for a site entering the Green Flag Award for the first time and had held the award ever since; Warley Woods was voted one of the UK’s favourite parks in 2016 and Trust Manager Viv Cole won the inaugural national Green Flag Employee of the Year Award.


The Trust has more than 940 members and many active Facebook and Twitter followers.

Each year between 250-400 people volunteer – most of whom live within a few miles of the park. Adult and school groups have been involved in tree and woodland planting and in bluebell cultivation.

Popular activities include:

  • fungi walks, bird identification, dawn chorus and tree and bat walks
  • woodland trails, forest play areas and fairy doors
  • drama performances in the park
  • Warley Woof-a group for dog owners giving access to events and training
  • Warley Woods Pacers – a running club that meets three times a week

There are also trail and information leaflets, a shop and cafe and a Community Room that is available for hire – as well as the golf course to enjoy!

What impressed the judges

There is a well prepared Woodland Management Plan, and all the trees have regular inspections by a professional arborist.

The Trust is extremely well organised and has an impressive system of governance which gives every confidence in long term security and continuity. This is demonstrated by the range of funding sources they have already accessed, including the Forestry Commission and HLF, as well as the innovative way in which the site is being managed and developed.

Maybe the most unusual source of income and promotion of the site has been securing the use of the visitor centre as the local polling station!

This is an exceptional, high achieving, and extremely well run and managed urban woodland. It is the model that others should aspire to and emulate.

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